The Sacred Name Movement
(A general overview of this movement)
Every so often a new movement comes to the forefront to challenge the historic Christian Churches teaching. Sometimes this can be good. If it is based on the truth, it can prompt us to a new understanding of the word. Sometimes it can be benign and be harmless as a challenge that goes nowhere … other times it can be just plain bogus.
None have been more bogus or ridiculous than the sacred name movement which has spiritual elitism written all over it. While there are some well intentioned people in this movement, there are also those who are prompted by pride to show how wrong and unsaved the Church is.
This movement is about using Gods correct name, restoring it and giving a revelation to people that are supposedly in darkness. (This first article is an overview and basic introduction to the movement.)
This movement is diversified and has approximately 10,000- to the most 50,000 people involved. Although we cannot be fully accurate on their membership these are the current numbers. There are assemblies range from a few to the largest of 200-250 members. Few Jewish believers are involved in this movement to their dismay since they lay claim to restoring the Hebrew name of the almighty. There are Messianic congregations that do use the Hebrew names but they do not make it an issue of salvation as those in the Sacred name movement do. Many in the SNM are involved in a metaphysical new age slant of the Bible and an added practice of legalism. So from what I can see this movement has its own leaven to purge before they able to go to the Churches of Jesus Christ (Yeshua Ha Mashiach) and tell them what to do. It’s amazing that so few have such a loud voice on the subject of the name.
With absolutely no proof historically or scholastically for their claims, they put down the name of Jesus calling it pagan and categorize all Christians that do not speak his correct Hebrew name as following and calling on a pagan God. While the Jehovah’s Witnesses have tried to do the same thing, the sacred name movement is further down the same shaky road. This movement’s claim is the Hebrew pronunciation of Yashua as his correct (in Hebrew ) and only name to be pronounced. The questions we need to ask is first is this true and if so, is God as legalistic as they present him. Because they are saying that Yahweh’s view is “if you didn’t pronounce my name right so I’m not going to save you.” The implication is that from the beginning of the Jewish/Gentile Church up until now, has been incorrect and unsaved.
Its been said it takes longer to correct error than it does to dish it out. So we need to take our time to peel through all the onion layers to get to the kernel of where the smell actually comes from . No doubt it will make your eyes tear as you hear the arguments and what they have done to Jesus (Yashua). I want to go on record to say that I use the name Yahweh and Yeshua at times. But there is a difference in how it is implemented, and for what reason. The problem is when someone makes the Hebrew pronunciation as the only language that his name can be spoken in. We should have no problem in using Yahshua or his name translated into another language if it conveys the meaning of “who he is” accurately.
FACT #1 no one knows how to correctly pronounce his name.
Sacred name adherents make this huge argument there is no “ ‘J’ letter in the Hebrew language (true). But they have no proof God’s name correctly pronounced Yahweh either. Since there were no vowels written in the Hebrew language until well after Christ’s time. So none knows how to ACCURATELY pronounce his name. Yes there are educated guesses, at best. But this does not stop certain legalists from condemning others who use the English to call on his name from their heart. So realistically they could be wrong too. After all we were not there to hear how it was actually pronounced.
The salvation question comes down to do we call on the name of the son for salvation or believe on the son and his work?
Did Jesus ask people to believe only in his name only or who he was? It’s not just knowing the correct pronunciation of the name but the person behind it. Knowing HIM, in his nature and characteristics. Who do they (sacred namers) know him as?
Lets look at their opinions of Jesus
A few (rare) have a Trinitarian theology; but most believe a variation of the Arian theology; (Jesus is not God). A small number are Modalistic (Oneness in that God is singular in person). It seems you can have what appears to be the correct name and not know the person behind the name. Many sacred namers do not believe Jesus or Yashua is God, nor do they recognize that the body of Christ (Mashiach) has the correct person of that name; since they do not believe an eternal Son of God exists. (Prov.30:4).
Assemblies of Yahweh-”(John 2:19) is sometimes presented as evidence that Yahshua is the Almighty, that He is co-equal with His Father. and that He had the power to resurrect Himself This of course is a false. trinitarian concept” (The Sacred Name Broadcaster, Lincoln Frost). “We find the trinitarian doctrine to he foreign to the Inspired Scriptures” (Doctrine #5).
The Bible warns of “ANOTHER JESUS.” the context is that Paul is making reference to someone who is called “Jesus” (Yeshua). But is someone who has a different IDENTITY, he is not the same in substance, he is not God in the flesh and therefore is not the WAY, the TRUTH, and the LIFE (John 14:6). It is more important to have the MEANING of the word, when translating a word from one language to another, than it is to make sure everyone SPEAKS or pronounces it the same in all languages. The “NAME” means to describe one’s identity, it is representative of either the totality of ones being or specifically ones attributes or characteristics. “God’s name …is a symbol of [His] nature, character, and person… The name of the Lord is the manifestation of His character…it is synonymous with the Lord Himself.”
Many of the people in the SNM play word and sound assimilation’s to arrive at their faulty conclusions. Despite their emphatic claims on the name, Yahweh or Yashua cannot be pronounced the same in every language for the simple reason that certain dialects do not have the letter pronunciations nor the written language. However they insist that it can, even to the point of breaking the rules in certain dialects.
Institute of Divine Metaphysical Research-IDMR– They claim the Greek word Christos means Krishna. But if one translated Krishna to English it is not Christos since they have no equivalent word for this in their language. “Krishna is the highest of the Hindu gods, considered the Lord, the Absolute Truth. He has had many incarnations here on earth.” However this is exactly what their own sacred name group believes; that Yashua had many incarnations (in body), he was Adam and then Joshua in Moses day and eventually Jesus.
God says to Moses in Ex.23:20-22″ Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.: Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name is in him. What is meant by this is that he is God manifested as their deliverer. Just as in Ex.3 when the angel appeared at the bush and said he was their God.
IDMR says that he is also Joshua (Yahshua) son of Nun because of a sound similarity in the name. So now we have two persons who are God manifested living at the same time. We know from Scripture that Joshua son of Nun is not the correct one since he was a sinful man who died.
This particular group of the sacred Namers disrespect God’s name by attributing it to someone that is not the God/ man. So what good is to be accurate in a name if you don’t know who the person of the name is?
It is interesting to see a dogmatic approach from the Sacred name movement changing all the names to a Hebrew pronunciation in the English language. Yet for the most part they do not read the bible in the original Hebrew. Most in the sacred name groups don’t read Hebrew nor do they write or speak in Hebrew. But they want and insist everyone else is to pronounce God’s name in Hebrew only. Even when Jesus (Yashsua, Yeshua?) did not require it. Since the model they are using is the Hebrews who wrote the Scriptures. They are betrayed by there own hypocrisy of “do as I say, but don’t do as I do.” If God only hears his Hebrew name and the Jews spoke only Hebrew, why do some think they can say only His name in Hebrew and then go on speaking in their own language (English etc.). Its not only God’s name written in Hebrew but all the Old Testament Scripture. If they were true to their theology of speaking His name only in the Hebrew language it should be a requirement to read and speak Hebrew as well.
Many Sacred name teachers have used certain names for God in the past being absolutely sure they found the correct interpretation, only to find later on they were incorrect and changed it. So what is to guarantee that the name they presently are using is the absolute correct name and will not change again. It is a fact that some now claim the correct pronunciation of the name that others previously thought it was, and already abandoned it. Confusion reigns in their search for the name that will bring salvation
What are they teaching?
In general the movement attempts to keep the Old Covenant with only a few exceptions. Sacred Name adherents mention 613 laws of that covenant. Most are Sabbatarian, and only a few worship on Sunday. Most assemblies observe at least one or more of the Old Testament feast days. The Assembly of Yahvah Believers keep all ten commandments, including the observance of the seventh day Sabbath as taught in the fourth commandment. Another group (IDMR) does the very opposite saying there are no ordinances or days. So there is a wide variety of opinion on how to practice the true religion. (although each would take the position that they are practicing absolute truth).
Assemblies of Yahweh- Observes the Ten Commandments and the 7th Day Sabbath and keep all the 613 commandments, statutes, and judgments (except the ritual and animal sacrifice laws which takes away a huge part of the law).
Along with the correct name are discussions among themselves about the correct dates for the feasts. These differences usually center upon the dates and sightings of the new moon. The Assemblies of Yahweh determines the months by the visible new moons.
Numerous divisions are within and splits of groups are caused by holding meticulous differences. There are some serious aberrations among themselves. One group believes that Satan is a female and is God’s estranged wife. Another man currently thinks he is the Messiah (as he pronounces the name correctly according to them). Another thought he was the Messiah and died (Kinley who was the founder of IDMR- The Institute of Divine Metaphysical Research).
What they fail to see is there own leaders as wrong because they are so focused on a correct pronunciation of God’s and trying to correct everyone else who they think is wrong.
Some are just off in other matters as well. The new covenant church, B’rit Chadashah Assembly of Yahweh in Arvika Sweden believes that everyone has preexistence based on the statement of God’s calling to Jeremiah. They have made the same mistake the Mormons do with this passage and defend it with the same false slant. Despite the Bibles interpretation in Isa.46:10 that God “knows the end from the beginning.” So he knew Jeremiah before he was born as he knows all of us. This of course is minor compared to the other core aberrations in the movement.
They have the Messiah wanna be’s
What is disturbing and significant is they have there own messiahs in the sacred name movement. Two men that I’m aware of claim the sacred name to themselves. Now for those who hold that the correct pronunciation of the name brings salvation, these leaders show the deception at work.
Yahweh Ben Yahweh is the Grand Master of the Celestial Lodge, Architect of the Universe, the Blessed and only Potentate. (This is Mason terminology which may not be surprising with its connection to the Kabbala) he and his followers believe he is the Everlasting Father. But this is impossible because the Institute of Divine Metaphysical Research teaches Dr. Kinley is Yahweh manifested in the flesh just like Yashua (Kinley died, but this is overlooked by his devoted followers). Yahweh Ben Yahweh believes The “true” NAME of God is the world’s greatest secret. That the Son of God would come to MANIFEST the NAME. If you do not know the NAME of the Father, then you will not be able to identify the Son (which is him). He is taking Gods name and attributing it to himself. But i see no outcry from the SNM only about the name of Jesus being used. He states All that you see and don’t see were created through the power in the Hebrew letters. He has written a book that teaches you how to pray the Lord’s Prayer in Hebrew. Much more could be said about this man and his followers but that is not the purpose for this article. I point this out only to show the inconsistency of the premise of knowing the sacred name as a revelation to some. It has bred pride and false doctrine at various levels.
Pronouncing his name
What’s the point of having the same pronunciation of God’s name in another language if it loses its meaning in that language?
The letters transliterated into English either as YHWH or as YHVH is called “the tetragrammaton” (the name of God made of four letters) by language specialists. There are sacred name adherents that will call him Yahweh, some Yaohu, some Yahuwah, and various other derivatives of the root letters. They arrive at these different spellings and pronunciations according to their own path of discovery that they were led on to understand the name. Each SN group or individual is thoroughly convinced they are spelling and pronouncing the true Name. They have to be, since their salvation depends on it. But we find that some have changed the name, and yet they call these names Sacred. It is YAH-WAY By some, others have stress on the EH, so it is YAHW-EH. Some pronounce it YAH-WAH, so that the last syllable rhymes with the first. While still others say, YOH-WAH or YAH-HO-WAH. Other Sacred name groups criticize the use of Yahweh and refuse to bring the four letters into English with any vowels. Sacred name advocates can’t even agree themselves on which is the correct pronunciation of the name. So why should we listen to any of their rhetoric? Since many of their own promoters of the name that espouse this legalistic view, according to their own standards are not saved either. They end up shooting the “Jesus” Christians in the back, and then they shoot themselves in the foot.
Most involved can be considered sincere people searching to find the truth of God. But they have been fed a lie that has lead them far down the road of concentrating on a special name. They seek and find a name and then change the name; only to seek the name again and change it again. They have been mislead by certain men who are themselves deceived and deceiving them. (Such as Kinley being Yashua and Yahweh ben Yahweh).
The confusion in their revelation position is rampant. Yahweh is the chosen name for The Book of Yahweh, published by The House of Yahweh, a Sacred Name group located in Texas. Yahweh also is preferred by The Sacred Scriptures from Assemblies of Yahweh of Pennsylvania, and The Holy Name Bible from the Scripture Research Association.
However, The Restoration of the Original Sacred Name Bible from the Missionary Dispensary Bible Research has YAHVAH. While The Exegeses Ready Research Bible by Herb Yahn uses YAH-VEH, dividing the name into two words.
Assemblies of the called out ones of Yah, calls the son “Yeshuah.” The Assembly of Yahvah Believes Yahvah is the oldest and most correct rendering of the four sacred consonants from the Hebrew scriptures into the English scriptures, and the true and correct abbreviated form Yahshua, is the Saviour’s name. How can they all be right?
Then the Assemblies of Yahweh’s aim is to remove the names substituted by man for the Memorial Name of the Creator and his Son, the Saviour of the world. Restoring the originally inspired name Yahweh, the title Elohim (mighty One) and the name Yahshua the Messiah are to be found on its pages
With each new name proceeds a new Bible. They do all this and then give the seeker the cliché’ the true pronunciation of the NAME was never lost. If the correct pronunciation of the NAME was not lost, why do all these teachers have to take years to search laboriously and study so painstakingly to find it? Why do many of them come to different conclusions? Shouldn’t they all come to the same conclusion? Obviously they all can’t be right! It appears that the name is still lost to some of them, though they may rejoice they have found it.
With even a superficial examination of the name restoration doctrine, one finds how unfounded the premise is. The Sacred Name Movement has been a tool the enemy uses to bring confusion, and ensnare people into a legalistic approach that is not required in Scripture. By refusing to accept the Word of God in the way it was written, this movement finds itself in confusion. The obvious is overlooked so they have come to the wrong conclusions. It is God who is responsible, not man for the fact that the Church does not use His Hebrew Name today. He never once inspired the New Testament writers to use the Name Yahweh in their works. This is a historical fact. History shows the Jewish scribes when translating the Scriptures would go out and wash their hands so that they were clean when they wrote his name. (whatever that pronunciation may be). The Jews were not superstitious regarding the name of God, they had respect. But they went far in making sure God’s name was not to be taken in vain.
There are no manuscripts showing these names in the New Testament, so it is not a requirement to correct the word Father to Yahweh or Son to Yahshua, except for ones personal preference. If the name “Yahweh” were all over the New Testament, the Church would certainly be using it today. There is no conspiracy to hide it or change it as some claim. The Yahweh only groups use Hebrew only because they place the Old Testament above the New. They actually reject the Greek Scriptures as inspired. They have determined since the apostles are Jews they couldn’t write in Greek. Some go as far as to say Hebrew is the Holy language and Greek is pagan. Well Yeshua was sacrificed on a pagan cross, what does this prove? Does this mean He was pagan.
This ALL adds up to this movements doctrine of the Sacred Name being of man (some with good intentions) and not of God. However there is some validity to knowing Gods name in Hebrew but it is not a matter of salvation. Less someone wants to commit to saying the whole Christian Church has been unsaved and only a few Hebrew speaking persons could grasp this truth.
God is infinitely more concerned about the TRUTH being spoken, and the reasons it is spoken. Than He is with HOW his name is enunciated by the different people of the world!
To study the names of God gives us insight into his character and nature. In the Bible names have meanings which often express ones character. God himself CHANGED the names of certain people. This did not mean that they no longer were that same person. He gave them a new name because he did something new in them that would help remind them of what God did.
Genesis 17:5 Abram (“Lofty and exalted father”) changed to Abraham (“Father of the Multitudes”). Genesis 32:28 Jacob (“heel grabber”) changed to Israel (“Prince or ruler of God”) Genesis 17:15 Sarai (“domineering”) changed to Sarah (“lady, princess, queen”) Matthew 16:17-18 Simon (“hearing”) changed to Peter (“small rock”)
The name of the Savior
SN teachers pronounce the NAME as Yahshua, three syllables, Yah-shu-a. This is the most popular pronunciation among their assemblies. The most common pronunciation among Jewish people and most believe is the correct one is Yeshua. (“The Jewish New Testament” translated by David H. Stern.)
Someone spelling and pronouncing his name Yashua with an “a” as the second letter, reveals they have little knowledge about the Hebrew language. So they shouldn’t be claiming linguistic knowledge about the name! The vowel sound after the letter yud is a shwaw sound (written in English as an upside-down “e”). Since we don’t do that in normal English writing, we can use a right-side-up “e” or use an apostrophe after the “Y.” So it can be Yeshua, or Y’shua, but its NOT YAshua. Nor does it make sense to say that Yeshua is pronounced the same in “every language” as they insist.
You would only be talking about the SYLLABLES, not the name itself or the meaning of the name. In other words, how do you say Yeshua in English? You say ” Salvation.” His name means God is Salvation. As the Scripture explains, “and you shall call His name Salvation (Yeshua), for it is He who will SAVE His people from their sins” (Mt. 1:21).
Likewise “and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which is translated, “God with us.” If we look carefully, the Bible explains the meaning of the name and that is exactly what is meant. When Paul wrote those who call upon the name of the Lord will be saved. We call upon Him the person for salvation. The name in itself does not save but the person who the name belongs to. The Messiah when he was a mere baby was brought to Simeon and he said “For my eyes have seen Your salvation which You have prepared before the face of all peoples, A light to bring revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of Your people Israel.” (Luke 2:30-32). Simeon did not say or see a name! He saw salvation, salvation is in the person, not in a pronunciation of a name. You can say his eyes saw Yeshua.
If you follow the migration of the SYLLABLES of the Hebrew name Yeshua to Greek and to Latin, and then to English — you’ll end up with Jesus. In Greek, the “Y” changes to an “I” and the “sh” to a hard “s” so it comes out Iesous. From there it goes to Latin, Iesus, and then in Germanic languages, the “y” SOUND is spelled with a “j”, so we arrive with Jesus in English. Do any of these languages pronounce his name the “same”? No, of course not. Greek doesn’t even HAVE a “sh” sound at all! The point is that one cannot do a direct translation of Yashua into the Greek language. This is why it is a different word or it would not make sense in its meaning. You can call something in its original language name and have others in another language pronounce it, but if they do not understand its meaning its meaningless. For example what if the translators kept all the word pronunciations from the Hebrew into the Greek then it would not make sense. Neither would his name. If one translates the name the way it is equally pronounced in certain other languages it would not have no meaning at all.
The Hebrew language is dependent on roots called the shorash. When any two words have the same roots they are connected theologically. Hosea= Hoshea, Isaiah= yeshayahu , Joshua= is yahooshua, Jesus is Yeshua, the sh sound often has something to do with salvation in the Hebrew language. When the Bible is translated to another language this may not always be transferred over.
Even the Orthodox Jews aren’t sure any more how to pronounce the name Yahweh correctly. So how could anybody else claim something about the pronunciation of this Hebrew name in OTHER languages? The only thing you can do is to say it in your own language. How do you say Yahweh in English? The closest we can come to it is “I Am.”
The name Yahweh (Tetragrammaton) is used 7000 times in the bible sometimes referring to the Messiah in Jer. 23:5, and Zech. 14.
The personality, the nature of God is not known in a pronunciation of his name. It is revealed in all His Holy Word not just his name. Psalms 138:2: “I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth: for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name.” Quite the opposite of what the sacred name movement is saying. This does not men we dispense with his name but we need to speak it in whatever language it is written in. Whether its Hebrew, Greek, Russian etc. So if God’s word is written in different languages and it is exalted even above His name, doesn’t this diffuse any argument from the Sacred name position of speaking His name in the original language only.
How strict is God about his name being on Yahweh? Some say the Jews substituted speaking His name with the Hebrew title “Adonai” the Hebrew word for “lord or master.”
But Daniel calls God adonai in Dan.9:7,9,17 Job also in 28:28 adonay also Ps.2:4. Was he not saved for doing this? This is in the Scripture which is God breathed. Who then should we believe? Obadiah uses both adonai Yahweh together for His name.
In Isa.38:11 yah. The fact is that the word for Lord is pronounced many different ways and he, God (elohim) is not known by one name only. Elohim is used of God just as many times as Yahweh is (sometimes combined). The name can be pronounced Yehovaw, yehovee Ez.11:16; Deut.9:6,3:24 – Yehovih (yeh-ho-vee’); a variation of Strongs Concordance #3068 [used after 136, and pronounced by Jews as 430, in order to prevent the repetition of the same sound, since they elsewhere pronounce # 3068 as 136]:
The use of Iesous (Jesus) for Joshua was common long before the birth of our Savior which is found in the Greek Septuagint translation. The form was identical in the Old Testament Greek Septuagint (the precise transliteration is Iesous) to that of the New Testament text. The book of Yahoshua (Joshua) in the Greek Septuagint is Called Iseous naus meaning Joshua Son of Nun. So it was the Hebrews themselves that used this name in Greek before Jesus’ time. Certainly they weren’t calling Joshua Zeus as some claim is Iseous for Jesus in the NT.
Before one trashes the name Jesus they need to look a little more carefully at what the bible actually has written. Instead of being God approved they just may be bringing division and destruction upon themselves for being zealous without the correct knowledge.
Hebrew … Hebrew only! (pt.2)
Maybe you have heard there argument, it goes like this…The Greeks were not yashuans, Jesus was Jewish so were all the prophets, therefore we must speak their names in Hebrew.… (yes the Old Testament names are all Hebrew, but not in the New Testament). Since Jesus was Jewish you are not allowed to say His name in another language. Says who? Who made up this rule of language anyway? (they did).
There is no “J” in the Greek, Latin, or Hebrew language so his name cannot be Jesus. To sum up the Yaweh/Yashua only arguments – there was no J in the English language until 500 years ago. There is no J or sound of J in either the Hebrew or Greek language, and never was. This is true, I say so what! Were not speaking Hebrew.
They seem to ignore that neither were there vowels to pronounce the Hebrew until about 1,000 years ago. So how can one know the correct pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton? Hebrew scholars admit that the Hebrew language was all but lost to general use until modern times, which saw a resurgence as part of the rebuilding the Hebrew nation of Israel.
According to sacred name groups unless one uses the Hebrew name and only the Hebrew name for God that person will be eternally damned. It should be noted that not all of the Sacred Name teachers are so dogmatic, but most are. This exclusive view is held by many Sacred Name groups, however they do not know the original pronunciation of the Name, they are in much disarray as well. This is admitted not by their own words but by the variety of different names that are used within their movement. God can be called Yah, Yahweh, Yahvah, Yahveh, Iahueh, and Yaohu. Jesus is agreed upon to be called Yahshua by most SN folks. But some call him Yasha, by others Yeshua, Yahushua, Yaohushua, Iahushua, YAHVAHSHUA, and Yhwhhoshua. Why such Confusion! Remember they teach you must be exact in your pronunciation. So which sacred name group is not going to hell for the correct pronunciation?There are dozens of different spellings and pronunciations of the names used by those who claim to have the correct name. All of them promote their particular name as the only one God approves of. So looking at this carefully one can say they are no better off than Christians who use the name of Jesus as the Messiahs name.
Which name is it? Choose one, but you better be absolutely right. Is it -Yeshua, Yesha, Yeshuah, Yehshua, Yehshuah, YESHUAH, YEHSHUAH, YAHUSUHWA, YAHOOSHUA ,YHWHSOSANA, Yeshouah, Y’shua, Y’shuah, Yeshu, Yashua, Yashuah, Yahshua, Yehoshua, Yehooshuah, YHVHShua, YHVHShuah, Yhvhshua, Yhwhshua, Iahoshua, Iahoshuah, Iahushua, or Iahushuah YHWHShua, YHWHShuah, Yhvhshuah, Yhwhshuah, Yahvehshua, Yahwehshua, Yahvehshuah, Yahwehshuah, Yahushuah, Yaohushua, Yaohushuah? Or any other name one might add to the list since this is not current. I ASK you. Y do they all discover different names for the same Elohim of Scripture? And who is right?
The main reason they are wrong is because no one knows how to correctly pronounce his name, this is why sacred name groups come to different conclusions and cannot agree among themselves. So if Jesus name is wrong so is theirs! Remember you have to be exact. Yahweh is from the Hebrew old Testament, the New Testament is in the Greek. Yashua is spelt in English. In the Hebrew there is no English letter Y, it is a yod that is a sound of a Y. If your going to make an issue of pronouncing it right then it needs to be written in Hebrew as well. It should not only be the correct pronunciation but written the way it was given. That is logical end of the correct name. Sacred name adherents must REJECT their English spelling of the SACRED NAME in their own Bibles, since YHWH is NOT in the Hebrew but written in English. The sacred name groups use the prophet’s, OT characters and apostles names in Hebrew as well, but they are written in English. Why do they concentrate on only the names pronounced in the Hebrew but not the words they wrote?
Where is the word Yashua in the Greek text or in the English. They claim it was removed! Move over Jehovah’s Witnesses you have competition. They do the same that the Jehovah’s Witnesses did with their text, which they translated from NO Greek manuscripts. What manuscripts do the Sacred name translators use? They insert what they want. Fact- there are no ancient Hebrew manuscripts that predate the Greek in the New Testament.
The Hebrew Masoretic text of the Old Testament dates back to the end of the first year A.D. The Hebrew language is usually written only in consonant’s which consists of 22 letters in the Hebrew Alphabet. The Hebrew Bible was originally a written in consonant’s in the Hebrew text. During the early part of the tenth century (895-1000 A.D.) there was a group of Jews called the Massoretes. These Jewish scribes as all scribes were meticulous in their copying of the text. The texts they had were all in capital letters, and there was no punctuation or paragraphs.
The Masoretic text has a system of dots and dashes called “pointing” (these are vowel pronunciations) which had been added to the consonants in order to aid in the words pronunciation. The Masoretic text is the standard text used today for all Bible translations. Without these aids we would have no idea how to pronounce certain words. For example when we take away the vowels in our English language we may not know how to pronounce a word for example Love- lv, weather-wthr, redemption would look like rdmptn, or Rsrrctn (resurrection). It would be hard to figure out what the word exactly is or how to accurately pronounce it. It is similar in the Hebrew. Even with the aids there is no absolute assurance of certain words spoken correctly the way the originally were, case in point God’s name represented without the vowels YHWH.
N L these two Hebrew letters we have a sin and a shin. It is the same letter, but it is the vowel which is a dot placed on the upper left or right of the letter that determines how it will sound. If we were to play sound assimilation like the sacred name groups, every time we used the sin it would be translated from the English pronunciation to this letter in Hebrew. The problem is that it doesn’t mean what sin means (going against God). This is an alef Ç this it is to be silent except for the vowel underneath which gives it a sound of aw. The vowels were not written in the original Hebrew so it is an educated guess based on Hebrew knowledge. When it comes to the name, again there are so many variations that if one would make it a matter of salvation for its correct sound they would in all reasonableness condemn “their sacred name brothers” who pronounce it differently. I know they do not want to do that, but it is inevitable.
The sacred name groups use chapter and verses, these were also found in the Masoretic Text later on. This idea came in 1550 from Robert Stephens a printer in Paris. In His Greek Testament he divided the scriptures into chapter and verses and published the first version in the Vulgate in 1555. The first English Bible having these divisions was the Geneva Bible published in 1580 with a completed work of chapter and verses. But these are additions so if one is true and consistent in their argument of the accurate name being removed and replaced, certainly they should feel as uncomfortable with adding to the text chapters and verses.
The name of Yashua in Greek
In Greek Iyo’ous is read Easous (Jesus) IESOU is pronounced IYESOUS (sometimes dropping the end S –e-ye-su) in the Greek. Not Iazeus as some sacred name groups claim. What they are doing is trying to make a connection to Zeus a pagan god and make Christians guilty by their own word assimilation. This is called Phonetics, which is not concerned with meaning, but sound. Speech sounds are almost always independent of the meanings that those sounds are used to convey.
All languages have words that combine in syntactic patterns to convey meanings through the use of speech sound.
The use of Iesous (Jesus) for Joshua was common long before the birth of our Savior. It is found in the Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scripture. The form was identical in the OT Greek Septuagint to that of the New Testament text. The book of Yahoshua (Joshua) in the Greek Septuagint is named Iseous naus- meaning Joshua Son of Nun. So it was the Hebrews themselves that used this name in Greek language before Jesus’ time. Certainly they were not calling him Zeus, an enemy of Israel, anymore than they called Joshua Zeus. Iseous is not a pagan name since the name was used to mean salvation. His name Hoshea – salvation was changed to Yehoshua (Yahweh is salvation). The Bible then makes it clear in Greek it is Iseous of Nazareth who is the name one must be saved by. He is the same Iseous christos (Jesus the anointed) that is spoken of in Scripture no matter what language the name is pronounced.
In the first century the Jews spoke the Hebrew language. However Hebrew was not the only language that the Jews spoke. If you lived back then you would have called Jesus the Messiah- Iesous christos if you were Greek, and Yeshua ha Mashiach if a Hebrew. Would Jesus answer to either of these names or only one? The proof is found in the Scripture, which shows he would answer to both. You would call Him by the name which had the meaning in your language. Did the Romans actually pronounce his Hebrew name or speak their own language when they spoke to Jesus? This we will see is crucial to refuting the arguments sacred name groups present. These are two different languages for the same individual.
Some have said the name Christ is Krishna therefore it could never be the correct word. MESSIAH in Hebrew is Mashiach, in Aramaic meshicha’, in Greek- Christos, Christou. The Jews also spoke Aramaic and would call him meshica in that language.
Just as the term Messiah, mashiach is a Hebrew term, (mashach OT:4886, “to smear with oil or paint, anoint.”) This verb, which appears 69 times in biblical Hebrew, has equivalents in Ugaritic, Akkadian, Aramaic, and Arabic.
Mashiach means anointed. In the Old Testament “A king of Israel was described upon occasion as christos tou Kuriou, “the anointed of the Lord,” 1 Sam. 2:10,35; 2 Sam 1:14; Ps 2:2; 18:50; Hab. 3:13” (Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words) mishchah OT:4888, “anointment.” This noun occurs 21 times and only in Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers. It always follows the Hebrew word for oil. The first occurrence is Ex. 25:6: (from Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words).
The Greek word “Christos” is derived from the word “Chrio” which means to smear, or anoint. chrioo was used often in the Septuagint as an adjective like “the anointed priest” (I Kings 2:10) and then as a substantive to translate the Hebrew word “Messiah” Messias. (Robertson’s Word Pictures in the New Testament)
When the Hebrew word “Mashiach” (messias) was translated into the Greek language, it was called Christos and translated in English “Christ.” Jesus Christ in the Greek is pronounced Ieesou Christou (Matt 1:1). There is absolutely no connection to Krishna in Christos and they should find a better lie to spread than this. Ask anyone who speaks Hindi they will tell you the truth on this word, it does not mean Krishna.
In John 1:41 (Andrew) first found his own brother Simon, and said to him, “We have found the Messiah” (the Bible then makes the point “which is translated, the Christ” [this is found in the Greek text- methermeneuo (meth-er-mane-yoo’-o); to explain over, i.e. translate: (by) interpret (-ation). Christos (pronounced- khris-tos’]) anointed, i.e. the Messiah.)
John 4:25-26 The woman at the well (a Samaritan) said to Him, “I know that Messiah is coming (who is called Christ).” The Scriptures make the point of calling him Both in the Hebrew and the Greek Mt.16:16 Peter said thou art the Christ (Messiah) the Son of the living God. It was the apostles who translated this over and wrote us the Scripture in Greek though they may have spoke this in Aramaic.
So it comes down to answering the question why people do not speak “the name” the same way in all languages?” The answer is very simple. It becomes more important to keep the MEANING of the word, when changing from one language to another, than SPEAKING or pronouncing it the same in all languages. All languages have words that combine in syntactic patterns to convey meanings through the use of speech sound. The meaning of a word is expressed through the sound. We use words to communicate meanings, not meanings to communicate words. To give a “NAME” means to describe one’s identity their character or nature. That is what it meant to the Hebrews. It’s meaningless to pronounce a word that one cannot understand. It is more sensible and biblical to call Him by the word that has an equivalent meaning in your language. An example would be that some words spoken in one language can have a benign in meaning, or can be offensive in another. The intent of languages and especially translating them is to convey meanings of the words and not how they sound.
What this movement is doing is demanding Christianity to adopt a name unfamiliar to their spoken language, and culture. They are denying emphatically that the savior could be known to all by His claims, His person, and His word. But can only be known by a special knowledge -their INSPIRED pronunciation of the name. (Depending whatever group you are in). They are insisting that the person of Jesus we know is false and a myth because of the name not being pronounced in their correct Hebrew language. Imagine you’re in a place on far away from civilization or on a deserted Island. All you have is a Bible in your language. But you don’t have a sacred name Bible. You can’t know Jesus or understand what he is saying because you don’t have the correct pronunciation for him, so he cannot answer your call to be saved. So too bad your out of His divine providence to be saved, you can’t say the correct name at the time until you know it. The problem is NO matter which name you say you, will be found guilty by some other sacred name group for not using their interpretation of the name. So who is the ultimate representative and judge for them?
It is more crucial to know who Jesus is, for if one denies His deity it matters little how near correct they are on the pronunciation of His name
The Controversy solved
The name Jesus ends with an “SUS” (pronounced soos in Greek), is accused by some sacred name adherents to mean horse in Hebrew. But Greek and Hebrew are two different languages. Some go as far in a mocking way and claim soos is equivalent to “Zeus” because of the similar sound, therefore “JeSUS” is a pagan name. But Zeus is not in the Hebrew and there is no transition from Ie-sous- Iesoun, to Zeus even in the Greek language. As a matter of fact the word Zeus is not even found in the Greek New Testament.
In Greek it is Dia =Zeus (pronounced Dia) if Zeus was pronounced like it is written it would look like this Zeu neither of these words looks anything like Iseous Ihso$
In the Strong’s Concordance it is pronounced dios or dzyooce ( for Zeus); named Dis (deece), which is otherwise obsolete; Zeus or Dis (among the Latin’s, it is Jupiter or Jove), was the supreme deity of the Greeks:
#1356 diopetes (dee-op-et’-ace); from the alternate of 2203 pronounced dzyooce. In Acts 14 Hermes is pronounced hermace also known as mercury. Hermas which comes from Hermes is amn who worked in the gospel found in Rom.16:14 was hermas a pagan because of his name? There is NO ZEUS in the Greek New Testament Bible. And none of these names are relative to Isoun (Jesus) or Yesous in Greek, they are completely different words with different meanings. But if one has been confused on this issue its not surprising they would spread it to others.
To say JESUS is not calling Zeus. This shows not only immaturity on their part, but repeating something that is so easily proven wrong that it almost endorses them having a cult mind set. (They wear it as a badge of honor). But this shows they know barely a thing about the languages.
If you speak his name in Spanish you would say HAYSOOS. Because the end sound is the same that does not mean you are calling on pagan God.
The people in Mexico call the Lord Hay-soos in THEIR language and God knows whom they are calling on. To say God will not answer them is to make God to be like a man who does not understand the heart or language which has finite abilities.
When we use a word in the English language that sounds the same it does not mean the same. It depends on how it is spelled and its meaning in the sentence structure. For Example we use the word do and dew, they sound the same but they certainly do not mean the same things. The word time and tyme are two completely different objects. As well as to and two. So if someone came along and said the word “to” which is a preposition meaning toward, near etc. If someone used “to” (which means an action) in a sentence to mean more than one as in the number (two) we would think that person does not have an grasp on the English language. If they insist that they dew (do), we would have to admit that they have been badly educated or deceived by someone’s teaching. (There are many other simple examples such as toe, tow or type -meaning a class of and type using a typewrite. etc.) Many of the same words can have more than one meaning and these are examples from within the English language, not one language to another.
It’s amazing that a gentile group hasn’t come along to insist EE-AY-ZOOS from the Greek, is the true pronunciation, just as the Hebrew groups have. Hopefully I’m not giving inspiration to a new movement.
Another claim is the word Lord is Baal, is used of false God’s only. In Unger’s Dictionary Baal (Heb. ba`al, “master”), is applied only to heathen deities, or to the man as husband, or to one specially skilled in a trade or profession.” (from New Unger’s Bible Dictionary). Look it up in the Hebrew and you will see this is true. So because of this no one is allowed to use the word Lord since there is a word for lord that the pagans used. Something this ridiculous should not need addressing. Would a wife who called her husband Baal mean he is a false God, where is the logic in this position?
The Scriptures have God himself using the word Baal For himself. Certainly to take the position of the Sacred name Movement means one must change what God himself said in his inspired Hebrew writings..
Jer. 31:32: ” Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband (Baal) unto them, saith the LORD”
Isa. 54:5: “For thy Maker is thine husband; (Baal) the LORD of hosts is his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called.”
Here is God, who was a husband to Israel using the name Baal, proving, that even Yahweh had no problem applying this name which means master or husband to himself.
Some have claimed “YHVH” in Hebrew sounds like “PIPI” when translated in Greek letters. This is just a big fat lie by those who have no background in languages and are repeating a rumor. The P in Greek capitol -Π small- π has the sound of an “R” Which is called RHO”. With regards to YHVH, the Greek language does not have a Vee” sound, but does have a Vee’ shaped letter. In Uncial form or capitol letter, “N” is pronounced “NU and looks like a ν in Greek. The Y” in Uncial becomes a “U” in small form like a” υ” which is called an Upsilon. The “H” in Uncial becomes “η” in small form, pronounced “AETA”. (Chart of letters sacna4.htm) You need Hebrew and Greek Script to see letters correctly.
While it true there is no SH sound in Greek, the result was not “Iesu” but pronounced in the Greek “Yesou.” How the sacred namers render the “s” in Iesu is incorrect, because that form of “s” σ is used only in a final sigma. It is never used at the beginning or middle of a word. A capitol “s” would look like this Σ.
If it was translated the way it sounds it would not have the same meaning, it may have no meaning, but it is suppose to mean God is salvation. (Transliteration Guide Gamma (with a G g sound) looks like a γ. Psi (ψ)
Iyo’ous Easous (Jesus) IESOU is pronounced phonetically IYESO’US in Greek (sometimes dropping the end S). Where is Zeus? Neither is it pronounced or spelled the same! The early church certainly did not relate the name Iseous to Zeus in any fashion. They often wrote about Zeus as a false God among the pagans and they did not mistake Jesus’ name for his. So this is just a smoke screen to bring fear into people.
Scrambling for a name or Reality
How far does this go? Many mock the word “God” and will use (gad) and say it is dog backward. They mock everything they can in the historic Church. So lets do a little scrambling for their namesake, sacred name with the c moved over really means they are scared of the truth. Anyone can play word assimilation and scramble the word’s meanings by sound. Which is what they do. Lets continue on and use their own logic in scrambling things up for sounds and meanings.
According to one group “the name Ea is also pagan,” so if they say, “lets go out to eat” they are now pronouncing the name of a Pagan God (Since it has the letters EA contained in the word). If we take their conclusions of using pagan names then the Hebrew calendar is to be rejected. Tammuz was the 4th month in the Hebrews sacred calendar. Are the Hebrews now pagans because it is also name of a pagan god? Were they calling on the pagan God? TAM’MUZ (tam’uz) was the name of the fourth Babylonian month and of an ancient Akkadian deity. (from New Unger’s Bible Dictionary)
Babylonian names are still in use with the Hebrew calendar The Canaan names were used prior to the Babylonian captivity. We happen to still use pagan derived names for our days of the week. Does this make us pagans? Of course not!
Shua was a Canaanite whose daughter was married to Judah (1 Chron. 2:3). A daughter of Heber the Asherite (1 Chron. 7:32), there was also a Caananite named Shua in Gen.38:2. Can we now say that the name Ya-shua is pagan because it is being used in a pagan land. We can see how ridiculous this can get if their logic is followed through to its end.
Sh is a Hebrew pronunciation but it can be applied to sacred name lobbyists as, sh- meaning keep quiet and stop this nonsense.
Yahoo-shua has yahoo in it, so anytime one uses this word or the search engine on the internet they are taking God’s name in vain (something to note: the sacred name groups are on this search engine too) so we can we see how ridiculous this all becomes? They need to take their own plank out of their eyes before they operate on the speck in their brothers.
“God esteems his word above all his name” (Ps.138:2)
If someone loves His Word and has respect for it why would they try to change it? How can they respect the Word when they deny it was written in Greek by the apostles who were Jewish! Instead they change it to Hebrew for their own predilection. So what are we seeing here? An intentional slant that may or may not be well meaning, but its end is divisive. Division is fine if it is for pure truth but this is not found in that category, it is deception.
The first thing we must consider is Psalm 138:2: “I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth: for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name.” Jesus said “thy word is truth” and it is his teaching and understanding of Himself that he wants to convey to the people of the world. This is all done through His word, and through every language. God is not a God of confusion; He makes Himself known by and through His revealed word in the Holy Bible. He has placed His Word above all His name. Those who love his name should not tamper with changing His Word. Sacred name groups put down the word because it is not in the language they consider sacred (Hebrew), so they mock the word and in so doing mock His name. They may not willfully being doing this (although some are), but this certainly becomes the end result from there denial of the language the New Testament was actually written in.
If the Hebrew was such a sacred language, the Sanhedrin would not have translated it into the Greek almost 400 years before the messiah came. We will see later on that the word was to be proclaimed to all people in all languages (Book of Revelation) which means it was not limited to the Hebrew only. It was the Roman catholic church’s teaching that Latin was the sacred language and that the word of God was not to be translated in any other. John Wycliffe wanted the Scriptures translated in the common tongue just as the Greek (koine) was. The sacred name movement is making the same error about the name of God that the Catholic Church did for the words of God.
What name would Yashua be in Chinese or Russian instead of English? What Sacred Namer’s do is change the Greek (or English) to Hebrew and then pronounce it in English, instead of in the Greek, the way it was actually written in. They insist that Hebrews only write and spoke Hebrew. Since the Bible is God’s word it must be written in the same language as in the Old Testament. But they are wrong. Fact-There are parts that were written in Aramaic, whole portions of Daniel (Dan.2,8) are in Aramaic. And even 250 years before the time of Jesus it was translated to the common language of the day, Greek. Are we to reject parts in Aramaic because it is not written in the Holy language of Hebrew? Then to be logically consistently we must do so for the English as well.selah
HL – http://www.letusreason.org/sacna3.htm
Pronunciations of the Name
As for the correct pronunciation of Yahweh even the Orthodox Jews are not sure any more how to pronounce it, so how do sacred name groups know what others who speak the language do not know? How could anybody else unequivocally claim the correct pronunciation of His name in the ancient Hebrew or any OTHER language? The only thing you can do is to say the name in your own language. How do you say Yahweh in English? The best we can do is “I Am.” Sacred name groups need to consider that if they are wrong in their pronunciation and they are teaching others a absolute strict way, then they are misrepresenting God’s name. They have admittedly done this by changing his name to a more correct pronunciation at times. Yet they all do not agree.
The Germans pronounce a Y with a J sound and it is sounded a “yawt.” If you can teach someone to say the Hawaiian word Ka-pi-o-la-ni, syllable by syllable, that doesn’t mean they know what they’re saying or that the word “has the same meaning in their language” they are accustom to. Just about all of us can say “ha-lel-lu-jah” and we’re saying a real Hebrew word, but the MEANING of that word can be expressed in our own language as well (Praise to our God).
Sacred namer’s insist that your name will be pronounced the same in every language. Anywhere you go in the world names are the same. I have heard this ignorant statement from the majority. Claiming Yashua and Yahweh are pronounced the same in EVERY language, this is nonsense! This proves they are listening to a rumor that is circulating that is a complete lie. Its been passed down for so long that the majority actually insists on this as absolutely true. I have asked people who speak these languages to see if this is so, they say it is not. When you go to a Spanish country to say Michael in their language it is Miguel. Michael in Hindi is Mikhael (as it is similar in Russian). In Japanese the name Michael is not the same, it is Michieru. So we can see from this very simple example they are wrong. But they don’t accept this.
We can take it and apply it elsewhere. In Hindi Christ (Messiah) is pronounced Mase’(not Krishna as they claim); Jesus is pronounced Yesu and Yahweh is Yehowa. In Japanese Yahweh is pronounced Yaefu; Yashua is Yashia and Jesus is Jisusu.
The Chinese Dictionary and in the Chinese Bible prove they are wrong as well. God is shen /shangdi (two ways of saying it) Lord is shangdi, savior is jiuxing / Yesu jidu, Jesus is Yesu. Ji du is Christ, salvation is Ju en. Yahweh is Ye ho hua. My friend who is Jewish wrote me back on this said ‘I do know that many languages have the similar pronunciations. Like in Hebrew as Y’shua, others like Cantonese, Fukien, Malay, Russian, etc. all sound similar. But similar does not mean the same, especially if the sound is similar and the meanings are different. So they are wrong.
The point that needs to be explained to “sacred namer’s” is people do not go around asking for a TRANSLITERATION of Yeshua or Yahweh in other languages. It would be “How do you say ‘God is Salvation’ in your language?” It is the meaning of a word that counts, not the way it is pronounced in sound. Since they may not have the capability to say the name Yahweh. That is the reason God said he is who I am, stressing Him being the eternal one. If you were to ask how do you say, ‘I Am’ in your language? Guaranteed, they’re not going to answer you with a HEBREW word! You can ask Japanese people how they say the Lord’s name. They DON’T say “Yeshua” or Yahweh in Japanese. More importantly neither were the apostles told to teach people the Hebrew language or pronunciation. They were commanded to teach what they were taught about Christ and how to live a life in the Lord obedient to his teachings.
Where’s the name?
Finding God’s sacred name throughout the Scripture can sometimes be like looking for Waldo in the picture books series. Some Sacred namer’s have made the name almost into an idol. Nothing else matters, nothing is more important except, “the name” for without the correct pronunciation one is unable to be saved. This means no one was saved throughout history after the apostles, until their leaders came along and restored the CORRECT name (except for a few that spoke the correct name in Hebrew during this time. This is no different than the cults claim of restoring the Church, which every cult does (some sacred name groups have this as well). The Church was not lost and neither was his NAME! God said he exalted his word even above his name.
Jordan Maxwell is certainly not a “friend” of the Faith, he has taught that the name “Israel” was really a combination of three pagan names “Is” it stands for Isis “ra” for Ra, and “el” for El, the Canaanite god! Maxwell’s inventive arguments are just as well presented as the sacred name groups. And he is just as wrong.
They want to make an issue out of the name. Saying it is Yahweh (or the Son-Yashua). Then this means until recently no one had ever called God by his true name. God spoke to Abraham and others without them calling on or speaking his Hebrew name. Neither Adam, Enoch, Noah, called God by his true name because they did not speak Hebrew (certainly not the Hebrew of today). Nor did they know the Lord by the name Yahweh until the time of Moses. Exodus 6:3: “I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God Almighty, but by My name, LORD, (Yahweh) I was not known to them.” This communication of God to Moses is interesting in that the God almighty is called baEl (Baal in the Hebrew) shadday and the Word Lord is Hawyaw (from the root Hahvah) meaning to exist eternally. Out goes the argument of SN that Baal is exclusive to false Gods. Here the true God identifies himself with this name to the early saints.
We find in Genesis that despite not knowing the name Yahweh, people called on the Lord. “And as for Seth, to him also a son was born; and he named him Enosh. Then men began to call on the name of the LORD, and God answered them. (Gen. 4:26). All without the Hebrew language! Jacob knew God as El Shaddai (“the Almighty” Gen. 17:1) not by his personal name. The books of Esther and Ecclesiastes not once use the name Yahweh, although Ecclesiastes does use the word God (Hebrew, Elohim) some forty-one times. This suggests that use of the name is not essential and the name God- Elohim was not strictly pagan but a biblical one with a wide variety of use. It was used of gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural, especially with the accompanying article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes rulers, judges angels, a god, a goddess and the one true God.
We use many titles such as “Father, Creator, the everlasting God, I AM, Savior, Redeemer, deliverer, Son, the Almighty, mighty God” these are all English translations of Hebrew titles or names of Yahweh. Why are these not pronounced by them in the Hebrew and used for his name, instead only certain particular names are?
Even Moses did not call him Yahweh but I Am by the instruction from God himself, when God said my name is I AM who I AM – EhYeh asher EhYeh. This is not the exact same as Yahweh no matter how you cut it. Both eyeh and YHWH (Yahweh) are of the root meaning, the word Haya. But are not the same exact pronunciation or in writing. Even the Father does not use the name Yashua (Jesus) to communicate to his Son, but calls him Son, as he had before he was incarnated, showing their previous relationship continuing from eternity. We find God is called numerous names in the Old Testament, none of which is Yashua specifically.
GOD is INFINITE in his nature, HE unable to be FULLY COMPREHENDED or explained by any single name or description. (This what the name wonderful means in Isa.9:6- unable to comprehend). The Old Testament uses numerous names as God reveals himself to man. The closest summation of Who He is eyeh asher eyeh- “I Am who I Am.” Each name expresses a certain attribute or characteristic of His nature.
Some say the name El is Not God’s name nor should it be used. Others such as Jacob Meyer say “These things says the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of El (Jacob O. Meyer, “Trinity, Duality, or Oneness,” Monograph). Meyer says God and Lord are pagan names and must not be used. Yet he will use the word El to refer to the Creator (rightly so) to the dismay of other sacred name groups.
El is used for God and attached to names and attributes of Himself, this doesn’t make him a pagan God.
Sacred name adherents need to look carefully before they smear certain names. The word El the singular part of Elohim is used for God and it is used for both false gods and the true one, as is Elohim.
God says his name is not only Yahweh (Lord). Scripture records his name as El in Job.21:14, Ps.31:5,22:10. El is also combine with other attributes El Olam (Everlasting) is your name (Isa.63:16). El Eyon- the most high God Ex.15:26. (Deut.32:8). El Shaddai – God Almighty (all sufficient one) (Gen.17:1). So we can see that God is not strict about a single name.
His other names are Yahweh- Rapha The Lord that heals. The man whose name is the Branch Zech.6:12, 3:8 Which is attributed to Jesus. Yahweh-Tsidkenu- his name (a man) will be called the Lord our righteousness (Jer.23:6), which is attributed to Jesus. Just as El was attached to a description for his name so is Yahweh. Ex.15:3. My name is Quanna (Jealous) Ex.34:14. Here God himself says a different name than Yahweh. If sacred name groups are going to continue to argue the point of calling on Yahweh only than they now have to argue against Yahweh Himself. Isa.9:6 “His name will be called wonderful, counselor, mighty God, Father of eternity, prince of peace.” There are numerous names God used to describe himself in this passage and others. (Wonderful means unable to comprehend, in other words no name or speech can fully describe Him). His name is Wonderful- But Sacred name groups say it has become corrupted. The New Testament says his name will be called Jesus (in certain languages).
Name in the Strong’s Concordance is defined as shem- a name 8034, a reputation, fame, glory. the Name (as a designation for God, a memorial, monument. 3068 Yehovah (yeh-ho-vaw’); from 1961; (the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
In Ex. 33:18-23 Moses said, “Please, show me Your glory. “Then He (Yahweh) said, “I will make all my goodness pass before you, and “I will proclaim the name of the LORD before you.” Read this carefully, Yahweh did not speak His name out loud, Moses was allowed to see His passing glory, by this His name was proclaimed. His nature was made known and explained who He is.
The Hebrew word for his name is translated “Yahvah” only in Ex. 6:3; Ps. 83:18; Isa. 12:2; 26:4, and in other compound names. This name is never used in the Septuagint (LXX.), the Samaritan Pentateuch, the Apocrypha, or in the New Testament. Did they intentionally leave it out as some conspiracy? Did they forget how to pronounce it? No, the answer is simply they transferred it to another language. In most versions of the LXX which have come down to us through ancient manuscript copies by the Hebrew scribes, the word Lord (Greek, kurios) is used in place of the divine name, and this practice is also followed in all of the thousands of ancient New Testament Greek manuscripts that have survived.
The Tetragrammaton YHWH is not found in the oldest New Testament manuscripts that were written by those who were probably under apostolic instruction (certainly Christians). We find the name for Jesus (Isous, Isoun), is used over 900 times to proclaim the Son of God.
In the New Testament- Matt.1:23: “Behold a virgin shall conceive, and bear a Son, and shall call “his name will be called Immanuel (with us is God), a fulfillment of Isa.7:14. The Greek quotes the Hebrew name to get the point accross that He is God, but again notice it calls Immanuel his name, not Yahweh. Lk.1:30,35 The angel Gabriel announced to Mary “that Holy one which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.” V.32 he is called “the Son of the highest.” Again referring to His name other than Yashua.Rev.19:13: His name is called “the word of God.” where is the name Yashua for all these? 1 Jn.5:13: “that you may continue to believe in the name of the Son of God.” From this we can see the Son’s name is not the same one as the Father, but a derivative of it.
Jn.1:34 John said, “And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.” (also Jn. 3:16-17, 18) Jn.1:49: “Nathanael answered Rabbi, thou art the Son of God; thou art the King of Israel. Jn.11:27 Mary said he was the Christ, the Son of God.” We don’t find anyone having to declare His exact name Yahsua as Sacred name groups present so arduously.
In John 11:25-27 Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live.” And whoever lives and believes in Me shall never die. Do you believe this?” She said to Him, “Yes, Lord (kurios), I believe that “You” are the messiah, the Son of God, who is to come into the world.” No name said here!
1 Jn.5:10-12: “He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son. And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.”
Mk.15:39 the centurion said, “truly this man was the Son of god.” Acts 8:37 The eunuch said, “I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.” He didn’t pronounce God’s name, but confessed who he actually is. In Acts 9:20 after the resurrection Paul preached Christ in the Synagogues saying, “He is the Son of God.” Jn.9:35 He (Yeshua) said unto him, Do you believe on the Son of God? (Jn.10:36). Are we told to only believe on a correct name to call on, or the person it represents. The fact is that if one does not understand who the Son is it will not matter what name they use, even if they pronounce it correctly in the Hebrew. We are to Believe on the name of his Son (1 Jn.3:23). That name is Jesus (in English) meaning Yahweh is savior. 1 Jn.4:15: “Whoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God abides with him.” Jn:20:31: “But these are written, that you might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you might have life through his name.” The requirement that he is the Son meaning he is God. The name represents his person. Just as when Jesus asked who do you say I am? Peter confesses “thou are the Christ the Son of the living God.”(Mt.16) So if one does not believe the Son is God then why try to pursue a correct name, they have missed the whole point of the Scripture. As Jesus said in Jn.5:39 to the Pharisees “you search the Scripture for in them you think you have eternal life but these testify of Me.”
If one looks carefully they find the people called him by what we would identify as ‘his titles’ such as the Son of David, and he still answered them, he still healed them. He did not correct them by saying you must say my official name or I will not answer or deliver you. Examples are numerous such as the blind man in Mark 10:47 Who cried out, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” Mt. 15:22: “Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David! Mt. 9:27: two blind men followed Him, crying out and saying, “Son of David, have mercy on us!” Mt. 21:9 Even “the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying: “Hosanna to the Son of David! ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ Hosanna in the highest!” No rebukes came forth.
Did Jesus require people to pronounce the name Yashua? No, not at all! We see over and over again he called himself the Son (of man and God) and we are told to believe on the Son. Rev 19:13: “and his name is called the Word of God,” who is God. So we see the bible does not support the Sacred Name Movement’s legalism. Even when he returns he is not called Yashua. In the book of Revelation Jesus said he has a name that no one knows. Not even the sacred name groups. Clearly God does not have one name.
His name is called the word of God, but he is not a word. The word is a person, this same person is the Son of God in Rev.2:18, and Heb.1:2,The WORD OF GOD is not a single word (name) nor just a phrase. The WORD OF GOD is everything God is, it is the sum totality of God communicated to man. It encompasses all attributes and characteristics of his DIVINITY. As God revealed his nature by his names in the Old Testament, Jesus revealed his nature and mission by his names in the New Testament. (salvation). The person of God is not known in a single sound of a name, but he is understood by what is written in all His Word. Therefore Jesus is called “the word of God” revealing God’s invisible attributes and nature to us.
Lets pause for some reflection. Can you know somebody without using their name? Can you know them intimately and know their character. Can they react or acknowledge you by not using their proper name?
When I introduce my wife I do not always use her name but say here is my wife. Is she still the same person as when I use her name?
My child calls me dad, not by my proper name, he knows me personally. He doesn’t have to say my name, I know when he’s calling me, so how much more with God when we call upon him.
Yeshua DID NOT Instruct us to Say God’s name
Three times in Scripture we Father mentioned as Abba, in the language of the Jews, Aramaic. (Mark 14:36) And Yeshua said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for You.”
Paul writes “For you did not receive the spirit of bondage again to fear, but you received the Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out, “Abba, Father.”(Romans 8:15) “And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, “Abba, Father!” (Galatians 4:6). Can you say Father?
Jesus said in Matt 6:6-7 “ pray to your Father… your Father “Over and over again Jesus calls Yahweh “FATHER” Jesus said to pray “In this manner, therefore, pray: our Father in heaven, hallowed be Your name”(v:9). Why do sacred namers not obey this simple command and twist with their legalism to say you must say Yahweh (or some other derivative). Because they don’t want to believe it.
Abba is an Aramaic word for “father.” It was the customary title used of God in prayer by Jesus when he taught the disciples to pray (Mt 11:25-26; 26:39,42; Lk. 10:21; 22:42; 23:34; Jn. 11:41; 12:27; 17:24-25). Whenever it occurs in the New Testament it has the Greek interpretation joined to it (ho pater), that is apparently to be explained by the fact that the Chaldee (Aramaic) “ABBA” through frequent use in prayer, gradually acquired the nature of a most sacred proper name, to which the Greek-speaking Jews added the name from their own tongue.
It was in common use in the mixed Aram dialect of Palestine and was used by children in addressing their father. It answers to our “papa.” The right to call God “Father” in a special and appropriative sense pertains to all who have received the testimony of the Spirit to their forgiveness. (New Unger’s Bible Dictionary)
In the Gemara (a Rabbinical commentary on the Mishna, the traditional teaching of the Jews) it is stated that slaves were forbidden to address the head of the family by this title. It approximates to a personal name, in contrast to “Father,” with which it is always joined in the NT. This is probably due to the fact that, abba having practically become a proper name, Greek-speaking Jews added the Greek word pater, “father,” from the language they used. Abba is the word framed by the lips of infants, and betokens unreasoning trust; “father” expresses an intelligent apprehension of the relationship. The two together express the love and intelligent confidence of the child. (Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words)
For instance, in Jesus’ own prayers, he gave us the example of addressing God as “Our Father” (Abba). Not once did Jesus say the name of God, but said instead “Father.” He was bringing the people from a legalistic relationship under the law into a personal relationship with their God. But the legalists say, “unless you say the name this way” or “unless you keep the 10 commandments”, unless you do this or that you cannot be saved! They would just as well keep the thief on the cross out of the kingdom because of all the things he did not do according to their teaching.
Yeshua never called His Father Yahweh in his ministry and sacred name adherents have absolutely no proof from the Scripture that would show otherwise. Of course the easiest way to deal with all this is to dismiss it all by saying that’s the Greek, and it is unacceptable or corrupted. (The only exception- when Jesus was being judged in our place for our sins- his relationship became a legal one and he called out “my God, my God.”) Even if there were found an instance or two where he did call God Yahweh, the overwhelming majority of the Scripture does not teach this as obligatory.
How many children do you know address their father by their given name (as “Mr. legalism”) instead of just father, or daddy? (Which is what the term Abba means). Paul wrote in this respect Rom. 8:15: “For you did not receive the spirit of bondage again to fear, but you received the Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out, “Abba, Father.” Paul in addressing the Galatians legalism wrote in Gal 4:6: “And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, “Abba, Father!” An adopted son cries Abba not an official name as if you don’t know the person or are not on good terms with him.
Even Jesus spoke and said Mark 14:36 And He (Yeshua) said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for You.” Not once in Jesus’ prayer found in John 17 does he address God as Yahweh, but always as Father (John 17:1, 11, 21, 24, 25). In these passages God’s name obviously stands for his character and reputation; there is no concern expressed that Christians are to use any of the divine name(s) when addressing their maker. Jesus used “Our Father” or “Holy Father”, if Jesus did not use the Fathers name should we? Certainly one is free to do so as long as they do not make an issue out of it, saying everyone MUST do so or they do not have salvation.
The Father calls Jesus his Son Mt.3:17, Jn.3:16,17. Heb.1:5 “I will be to him a Father and he shall be to me a Son.” He never mentions his name (Yashua) when speaking to him. If it is as critical to call on His exact name as some say, then He certainly would identify him as Yashua, and not as His Son. Even Peter when he received a revelation of who the Son is in Mt.16 proclaims Him as the Son of the living God, he does not say His name. He speaks who he actually is. Jesus responds by saying the Father revealed this to him (not his official name Yahweh). So knowing He is the Son of (the living) God is enough to know He is deity, and ample for Christ to build his church on this proclamation.
If the apostles used the name of God (Yahweh) for Jesus he would not have had to spell it out to the people who he was claiming to be. So many times they asked him but he would instead speak in the manner of “my father and I are one,” not I am Yahweh. It is for this very reason we have cult groups who deny his deity and are confused on the person of the Son.
After the captivity of the Jews in Babylon, Aramaic translations and paraphrases of the Hebrew Scriptures were made, called Targums. The major Targum of the first five books of the Old Testament, the Pentateuch, is by Onkelos. A literal translation of the Hebrew that was edited in Babylonia between the second and fifth centuries AD. The Targums consist of all the Old Testament books except Daniel, Ezra, and Nehemiah. The major Targum of the books of the prophets is known as the Targum of Jonathan.
Aramaic is a Semitic language, originally used by the Aramaeans of Syria, which became widespread throughout the Near East as an international language. Because its alphabet was easier to use than the cumbersome cuneiform scripts used by the Assyrians and the Persians, it was adopted for diplomacy and commerce.
Aramaic was “Hebrew, a mixture of that and the language spoken in Chaldee (Aramaic), called Syro-Chaldaic, or, more commonly, the Syriac.” (from Barnes’ Notes)
PROOF’S OF HEBREWISM IN THE GREEK
There is an underlying Hebraic thought pattern found in the Greek texts. To question the reliability of the Greek manuscripts as being accurate is completely unfounded and can bring one to reject the innerancy and authenticity of the New Testament. Reading the Greek text one cannot determine linguistically if the manuscripts are translations from the Aramaic or from Hebrew; both are similar Semitic languages. Even the Qumran literature (apart from Biblical manuscripts) are in Aramaic, some are Hebrew and one Nabatean. This shows that they were writing the Scriptures in other languages. The early fragments and scrolls found in the Qumran caves date mostly around 100-150 B.C some as far back to as 250 B.C. Some date as late as 70 A.D. which is the same time period that the New Testament was being written, and there is no conflict. The earliest extant Targums are from Qumran on the Dead Sea. An extensive Targum containing portions of Job came from one of the caves dating from 150-100 BC. All of the findings in Cave 4 are 1,000 years older than the oldest copy of Isaiah in Hebrew. There are Hebrew versions which more closely match the Greek and Samaritan translations. Included in Cave 4 was almost a complete copy of the Greek translation of the twelve Minor Prophets. These Greek texts used the Tetragrammaton in its Paleo-Hebrew form. These are the oldest manuscripts of Septuagint sources in existence giving us insight into how the Hebrew culture translated their Scriptures.
Multi- lingual Jews
There are a lot of indications that Jesus and the disciples were tri-lingual even quoting the Greek Septuagint over the Hebrew at times. It was quoted from by many of the New Testament writers including Jesus. The oldest portions were found in the DSS discovery (Book of Deuteronomy). Copies exist from first century onward. The New Testament normally quotes from the Septuagint over the Masoretic text (with the possible exception of Matthew). Here are only a few examples of New Testament quotes from the Septuagint Old Testament translation instead of the Hebrew Old Testament.
Heb.1:6 Let worship (proskuneôsatoôsan). This quotation is only found in the LXX Septuagint of Deut. 32:41-43, this quotation is not found in the Masoretic text, but the Septuagint has it. A discovery of this verse on a Deuteronomy scroll in Hebrew confirms the LXX reading. Heb 1:6-It appears substantially in Ps 96:7. To the writer of Hebrews, the Septuagint was Scripture, and is quoted throughout without regard to its correspondence with the Hebrew” (From Vincent’s Word Studies of the New Testament).
Exodus 1:5 reads “seventy-souls” in the Masoretic text, Stephen quoted this verse in Acts 7:14 and said “seventy-five souls “as LXX also has this reading. A fragment of Exodus 1:5 from the Qumran scrolls reads “seventy-five souls” in agreement with the LXX.
In Romans 3 there is a large quotation from Ps. 14, where there are six whole verses in the apostle’s quotation which are not found in the present Hebrew text, but are preserved in the Septuagint! (from Adam Clarke’s Commentary)
Isaiah 7:14 in the Masoretic text reads, “she shall call His name” whereas the LXX and the DSS read “His name shall be called.” All this is a matter of one less letter in the Hebrew language. And the text still says the same thing.
We have at least two good Hebrew translations of the New Testament. Based on any linguistics neither of them presents any need to question the traditional Christian understanding of the gospels. We also have the Epistles, written to both Hebrew and Greek believers and communities of believers, which are inspired apostolic commentary on the gospels.
The HEBREW LANGUAGE
The language of the Hebrews and the Old Testament Scriptures, with the exception of a few chapters are written in Aram. It is not called Hebrew anywhere in Scripture, but this is not surprising when we remember how rarely that name is employed to designate the Israelites. It is called “the language of Canaan” Isa. 19:18, as distinguished from that of Egypt; and “Judean” 2 Kings 18:26,28, as distinguished from Aramaean. Hebrew belongs to the Semitic or Shemitic group of languages (New Unger’s Bible Dictionary).
Hebrew was identified with the people of Israel Jonah 1:9 And he (Jonah) said to them, “I am a Hebrew.” And the midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women.” (Exod. 1:19)
It was also a language spoken by Jews but not the only one. II Kings 18:26-28 Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, Shebna, and Joah said to the Rabshakeh, “Please speak to your servants in Aramaic, for we understand it; and do not speak to us in Hebrew in the hearing of the people who are on the wall.” But the Rabshakeh said to them, “Has my master sent me to your master and to you to speak these words, and not to the men who sit on the wall, who will eat and drink their own waste with you?” Then the Rabshakeh stood and called out with a loud voice in Hebrew, and spoke, saying, “Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria!”
Notice the Hebrews said that they understand Aramaic and wanted it said in this language so the others would not understand the message, which proves they were multilingual even in the far distant past. They asked for it to be spoken in Aramaic, which means the others understood Hebrew.
Its Origin– Hebrew originated from the old Phoenician alphabet from which all alphabets in current use, Semitic and non-Semitic, were ultimately derived. The origin of this proto-Semitic alphabet is still unclear, although an early example of the rude script was discovered at Serabit el Khadem in the Sinaitic Peninsula in 1904-5. Albright dates this script in the early fifteenth century (Bulletin of the Am. Schools of Oriental Research 110 [April 1948]: 22). (New Unger’s Bible Dictionary)
The Hebrew Text
There are in existence roughly over 12,000 plus Hebrew Manuscripts excluding ancient translations. These include the following:
Nash Papyrus (2nd century B.C. and 1st century A.D.) It contains Deut. 6:4-9 and some fragments from the Decaloge (Exod.20:2, Deut. 5:6). This text is 1000 years older than the Hebrew Masoretic text which our Old Testament is based on. There are very few differences between the reading of this text and that of 1000 years later. Orientales 4445 (Circa 820-850 A.D.) This contains Genesis 39:20-Deuteronomy 1:33 (excludes Num. 7:47-73 and Num. 9:12-10:18).
Codex Cairensis (895 A.D.). A codex is a manuscript in book form having pages. This codex contains Joshua, Judges, 1and 2 Samuel, 1and 2 Kings and the Latter Prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the Twelve [Joel through Malachi]). It was written with vowels [the original Hebrew did not have vowel points until the eight century] by
Dead sea scrolls- of the older scrolls, the Isaiah A Scroll (IQIsa) is the oldest known copy of any complete book of the Bible dating around 125-130 B.C. (possibly older). The Isaiah B scroll (IQIsb) dates close to the same time period (about 125 B.C.). Both texts bear close resemblance (up to 98%) to the Masoretic text ( from 895-1000 A.D.) which is the standard text used today for all Bible translations.
There is also The Midrash (100 B.C. -300 A.D.). Doctrinal studies made of quotations from the scriptures. The Mishna (A.D. 200). An exposition of Jewish Law using quotations from the Scriptures. The Gemaras (Palestinean, 200 A.D.; Babylonian, 500 A.D.). These were commentaries written in “Aramaic” which quote from the Scriptures.
After the Jews were taken into captivity by the Chaldeans, they needed a version in that language (since the Chaldean language took over the Hebrew). The oldest of the two date to 30 B.C. and 60 B.C. (Targums). We see Daniel was given a non Hebrew equivalent to his name (pagan) and he did not reject this, Belteshazzar (Dan.1:7). Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego are not Hebrew names but Chaldean(Dan.1:7). So we find Hebrew is not considered a holy language even by the Jew’s who translated it. The practice of adopting and accepting Gentile names can be traced through the periods of the Hebrews history. Hadasa-Esther; Saul-called himself Paul (Paulus) are only a few. The Jews had no problem in changing the names to different languages, even pagan ones.
The translations of the Greek New Testament were made so people could read God’s Word in their own tongue: Syriac, Latin, Coptic (a late form of Egyptian). The early church writings all show they quoted from the Greek, not just any Greek but mostly from a certain Greek family of manuscripts. Uncials were manuscripts written in capital letters so there was no distinguishing of capital letters for their names.
The GREEK TEXT
They (SNM) deliberately discredit the Greek New Testament Bible. They purposely attempt to lead Bible believing Christians out of Christianity by castigating it as pagan. This is no different than those who accuse Christians who believe in a triune nature of the One God as three separate Gods as in paganism. They too fail to understand the MEANING behind the Scriptures.
The sacred name groups (more generally identified or included in the Hebrew roots movement) has been convinced to stay away from the New Testament written in Greek (the universal language of the apostles day) and by God’s providence translated into English (the universal language for us today). The New Testament was first written in Greek to a predominantly Greek speaking Church and world.
The sacred name Movement has had some success in discrediting the Greek New Testament to those who are naïve about history and the manuscript evidence. They replace the Greek with Hebrew (not Aramaic) “originals.” But this is all fantasy – there are none (although some have surmised that the gospel of Matthew is a possibility). Nonetheless if we grant this as true the majority is written in Greek. This place’s the final authority of interpreting the scripture with their self appointed teachers, who claim to be restoring what the apostles did not. Where are the “original” Hebrew texts? Where are the ancient parchments of the Hebrew New Testament that these men use? They make themselves the Higher Critics without any or little knowledge of history and the parchments. What form did the Gospels first appeared in is still debatable but what we do have for evidence is in the Greek MSS. (the Gospels as well as the epistles).
Jacob O. Meyer speaking for the majority of the sacred name Movement states, “there is no such thing as an INSPIRED TRANSLATION. Therefore …we must base all doctrine on the Old Testament. We should…always allow the Old Testament to interpret the New. Yes, we believe that every word of the New Testament was Yahweh breathed in its original Hebrew or Aramaic purity… any faith based on the so-called ‘inspired Greek New Testament’ is a faith not founded upon a solid rock. (Meyer publishes his own Sacred Name Scriptures. (Jacob O. Meyer, Exploding the Inspired Greek New Testament Myth, pp. 2-3.)
That to me ignores what the New Testament writers all said, 1 Tim.3:16 that all Scripture is inspired given by God. So there is none that are MORE inspired than others, it is a collection united together, 66 books. Meyers mistake is if he erases the Greek New Testament parchments we have from past history and what we possess today, he wouldn’t even know anything about the Messiah’s coming, and what he taught. To question the validity of the Greek manuscripts is also to question its Archaeological and historical accuracy as well. Since nothing has shown it to be inaccurate we can assume in the very least, that they wrote the name correctly as well
Their argument goes like this; the original Gospels were written in Hebrew (and parts in Aramaic), later translated into Greek. These become unreliable, because they passed through successive translations and had removed the true name of God. Does anyone possess the ancient Hebrew translations of the New Testament. No! they have never found these to prove this theory, so their point is mute. They are arguing from silence and presumption. Even if one ancient parchment in Hebrew turned up, how do we know that it is the original and not a copy of the Greek? Up until recently all the oldest manuscripts, go back to even 85 or even 65 A.D. which are in Greek. The scraps are from a page of what was once a papyrus copy of the Gospel of Matthew chpt.26, and they are currently in the Magdalen College’s library at Oxford University. They were given to the library in 1909 by a former student of the college who acquired them in Upper Egypt near Luxor. German papyrologist Carsten Thiede an expert in Greek palaeography, maintains that his dating is correct and dates these three small fragments at 75-100 AD. Thiede goes on to say that the dating of these three small fragments to 75-100 A.D. “would mean that the original Gospel would be earlier still, since these are copies. This gives us proof of the ancient language the New Testament was written in was in fact Greek.
There is no ancient New Testament letters (prior to 400 A.D.) written in Hebrew, ALL are in the Greek. There may be some, but no one has found it. An original document or a translation from an earlier Aramaic writing could be possible, but it is not found, despite Eusebius’ claim that Matthew was originally Hebrew, which he traced back to the time of Heggisipus. Modern scholarship believes the Matthews gospel is not a translation, but written in Greek by Matthew himself, this founded upon the collection of discourses, from Papias, Irenaeus, Pantaenus, Origen, and Jerome, all testify of this. Papias (70-155 A.D.) was a pupil of John, he wrote “An Explanation of the Lord’s Discourses,” in which he quotes from John, and records traditions about the origin of Matthew and Mark in the Greek. So Sacred name arguments go against the historical records. It doesn’t matter what history actually says, but only what their teacher says it says.
While there are arguments for a Hebrew Matthew original, it has not been found. Even if one is found it does not prove the other gospels or letters were written in the same language. Because Matthew probably did target a Jewish audience with his gospel, the others did not. Neither has the theory of Q promoted by liberal scholars? (An abbreviation for Quelle a common “source” the gospels shared in). There are in existence around 5,000 Greek manuscripts, 8,000 Latin, and 1,000 versions from other languages, making 14,000 manuscripts of all or part of the New Testament. What is missing is the Hebrew translation in any kind of a similar amount. The evidence simply does not support their theory.
The origin of languages (pt.4)
Language is only a vehicle to express our thoughts. God expressed His truth in words of many languages. His thoughts, concepts and principles for man and Himself are expressed through language. We do not know what kind of language Adam and Eve or their immediate descendents used.
The same God who spoke to Adam (whatever language this was, some believe is Hebrew. If so, it was not the Hebrew spoken today) also introduced the other languages to Adam’s descendants. Gen.11:1: “Now the whole earth had one language and one speech.V:6-9 And the Yahweh said, “Indeed the people are one and they all have one language, and this is what they begin to do; now nothing that they propose to do will be withheld from them. Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.” So the LORD scattered them abroad from there over the face of all the earth, and they ceased building the city. Therefore its name is called Babel, because there Yahweh confused the language of all the earth; and from there the LORD scattered them abroad over the face of all the earth.”
Some claim these languages were once pure and then “corrupted” and now paganized. But the Scripture states there was only one language and it was God that caused man to have numerous other languages. It became confusion because each did not know what the other was saying, they no longer could communicate with one another as they had before when they were united in building the tower. From the Scripture we would have to consider the English today as a pagan language. So when Sacred name adherents have God’s Correct name in their own Bibles it makes it all the more inexcusable knowing that the “Holy name” is mixed purposely with what they categorize as a pagan language. They do read the English just like anyone else. The fact that they need to deal with is that the original Hebrew language would also be included as corrupted, as it came through this change from Genesis. We know what language Moses used to convey it to us thousands of years later, Hebrew. This Hebrew is not the exact same that we have today. Even if the Hebrew were the original language of mankind no one really speaks this same ancient Hebrew, neither is the bible written in it. The Hebrew today is different from the original “paleo” Hebrew alphabet that the ancients used. Should we then reject the current Masoretic Bible because it is not the original Hebrew? (Remember vowels are added to the writings later). On this alone, their strict concept of languages is on shaky ground. We do find Job who lived in the Abrahamic period as God’s friend, he certainly was not speaking Hebrew. We can assume that Abraham was not speaking the same Hebrew as they do today either!
Jacob Meyer and many others claim that Hebrew is the language of heaven and that the Hebrew names of Yahweh and Yahshua are mandated as absolutely essential for salvation. Hebrew goes back to the time of Abraham. The question is, did the patriarch import it from Haran or find it in Palestine? The patriarchs evidently used an Aram dialect in Mesopotamia, but when they came into Canaan they adopted a local Canaanite dialect that was not identical with the standard speech of the sedentary Canaanites, as may be linguistically demonstrated (W. F. Albright, From the Stone Age to Christianity, p. 182). The Canaanite origin of the Hebrew language are attested by both Ugaritic and Phoenician history. Numbers of important Canaanite inscriptions have been recovered, notably the Sarcophagus of Ahiram of Byblos, eleventh century B.C. Later Phoenician inscriptions from Cyprus, Sardinia, Carthage, and other colonies of the Mediterranean show the Canaanite affinities of Hebrew. The Gezer Calendar (c. 925 B.C.) written in perfect classical Hebrew, followed by the Moabite Stone (c. 850 B.C.) written in the language of Moab, which was closely akin to Hebrew, as well as later inscriptions from Samaria from the time of Jeroboam II help to trace the development of Heb. as a closely aligned Canaanite dialect. (from New Unger’s Bible Dictionary) F.F. Bruce, one of the more respected Biblical language experts states that Hebrew was a dialect of the Phoenician language spoken in numerous adjacent lands. It was a man-made language which by Sacred Name definition is of a pagan origin, it is not the tongue of heaven.
The Indo-European language family, has nine major branches: Indo-Iranian, Baltic, Slavic, Armenian, Greek, Albanian, Celtic, Romance or Italic, and Germanic.
The English language is assumed to have three periods. Old English extends from about A.D. 450, the time of the Anglo-Saxon invasions of Britain, to 1066, the date of the Norman Conquest. Middle English continues to about the middle of the 15th century, and Modern or New English runs from then to the present.
The Germanic languages broke away from other Indo-European languages before 500 B.C., forming a clearly distinguishable and independent group of closely related dialects, usually referred to as Proto-Germanic. It was the Latin vocabulary and grammar that had extensive influenced the Germanic languages.
The Scripture in other languages
The Old Latin Versions date from second to fourth centuries (mostly later). The Latin Vulgate was completed by St. Jerome in about the year 405 A.D. There are Syriac Versions dating between fourth and seventh centuries. These include the Peshetta, Palestinian, Philoxenian and Harclean, all of which are Greek dialect’s which differ from the common Koine that the New Testament was written in. There are also Coptic versions (third and fourth centuries), Gothic (fourth), Armenian and Georgian (fifth), Ethiopic (sixth) and others. The oldest surviving Germanic literary text–fragments of a Bible translation made by Ulfilas, bishop of the West Goths (d. c.385), was written in Gothic. The preserved fragments of an East Gothic manuscript of the translation from the 6th century are referred to as the Codex argenteus (silver book). Since the Goths had no written language, Ulfilas took the Greek uncial alphabet, added to it a few Latin and runic letters, and thus created an alphabet for his translation.
The existing biblical manuscripts (with the possible exception of Matthew) tend to follow the Septuagint translation, and not the Masoretic Hebrew. Remember that this translation was used in Jesus’ day by the Jews. The volume of codexes, manuscripts, and fragments of the gospels are astronomical in number compared to the Greek or Latin Classics. Yet curiously not one early manuscript is in Hebrew.
There are approximately 53,000 manuscripts with part or the whole of the Greek New Testament. There are about eight thousand manuscripts of the relevant versions, so the textual critic has his work cut out for him to prove the Hebrew name and translation theory.
P1 3rd cent. Matt.1 Alexandrian P5 3rd cent Jn.1,16,20 western P15 3rd 1 Cor. 7-8 Alexandrian.P45, P46 and P47, The Chester Beatty Papyri. P45 is made up of pieces of thirty leaves of a papyrus codex: two from Matthew, two from John, six from Mark, seven from Luke, and thirteen from Acts. These all date around 200-250 A.D. They are the most reliable witnesses which we have to date on the Gospels as originally penned. P46 was originally dated around the same time, has been revised by some scholars to late first century. This would put it within 25-30 years of the date which Paul wrote it. P46 contains eighty-six leaves which has the book of Romans, Hebrews, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Ephesians, Galatians, Philippians, Colossians, and 1 and 2 Thessalonians. Portions of 1 and 2 Thessalonians and Romans are missing. P47 dates to around 250 A.D. and contains Revelations 9:10-17:2.
P 52,The John Rylands Fragment a papyrus fragment 21/2 by 3 1/2 inches from a codex dating within a generation of when John wrote his account of the gospel, dating to about 110-138 A.D. It contains small sections of John 18:31-33 and 37-38. More recent re-dating brings this within a decade of when John wrote it and some suppose it could very well be a copy of the original.
P64 Magdalen Papyrus – Is dated before 66 A.D. Matthew 26:7-8, 10, 14-15, 22-23 and 31.
Muratorian canon-170 -300 A.D. was found in Italy in 1740 by count Tishendorf. It is not my purpose to debate the texts, but to point out the language they were written in, they were Not Hebrew. Again those who propose the theories of original Hebrew texts until the gentiles came into the Church are lacking ecidence.
The word of God in the GREEK
The Greek language was spread by Alexander the Great after he defeated the Persian empire 323 B.C. Due to Alexander’s conquest Greek became the international language. In 250 B.C. the Hebrew Scriptures were translated to Greek that became the dominant language of Israel and the eastern world at the time of Christ. The Septuagint (Greek) translation of the Old Testament was done for Greek-speaking Jews in Alexandria Egypt during the reign of Ptolmey Philadelphia IV of Egypt. The Pentateuch was first translated, later the rest of the Old Testament books were added to the translation. Later on many of the Jews were multi-lingual speaking at least two different languages, one of which was Greek. Long before the time of Jesus, in the inter-testament period between the Old and New Testaments, the Jews stopped using Hebrew as their everyday language. It was used in the Synagogues as was Aramaic was their common tongue, they did continue to read the Scriptures in Hebrew in the temple, but not exclusively. The rabbis continued to use Hebrew in their religious practices (the Mishnah, the book of law is written in Hebrew). The Hebrew language as the everyday language of the Jews was replaced by the Aramaic.
More than 300 years later after Alexander the Great, the New Testament began to be written in the common language of Greek rather than the Aramaic which Jesus mostly spoke. It was the apostles who penned or oversaw the writing of the New Testament Because someone speaks this language or uses God’s name from it does not make them a pagan. Otherwise we would have to concede Jesus and the apostles were pagan, since they spoke the Greek language as well as Hebrew and Aramaic. The first 7 deacons of the church all had Greek names showing they were from the Diaspora and immigrated to the land of Israel. Mark and Luke are not Hebrew names nor is there a equivalent for their the names in Hebrew. There is no record of any Aramaic or Hebrew name for Andrew. Many words in the New Testament are transliterations from the Aramaic. Peter’s name Cephas is from “kepha” (rock); Thomas is from “toma” (twin). “Bar” the Aramaic word for (son) is used in the names of Bartholomew, Bar- Jonas, Barabbas (Bar-abbas) and Bartimaeus. (The Hebrew word for son is ben). Golgotha is from “golgolta” (skull).
The apostles communicated the name of Yeshua in Greek (Yesou). This was the influence from the apostles. But now we have others with a private interpretation of the their writings. Even the book of Hebrews was written in Greek to the Jews warning them not to go back in Judaism. But some ignore this and have started whole movements with holding their hands on both covenants. One of the main arguments of the Sacred-Name Movement is that non-Hebrew languages are actually pagan, therefore they come to conclusion of Hebrew only.
What does the New Testament say? Acts 2:4: “And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.” Peter spoke with the other apostles.
On the feast of Shavout (Pentecost) the gift of tongues were spoken in many different dialects to those Jews from various regions gathered in Jerusalem for the Feast.What is interesting to note is that of the 16 to 17 dialects, Hebrew is not mentioned. Why not if this is the sacred language of God? It states they heard the praises of God, making the point that they all heard the praises in their own dialect. Meaning that God’s word and His name pronounced was not Yahweh to all. Otherwise how could they understand? It was Yahweh (the Holy Spirit) who gave the disciples the ability to speak in other languages that were not Hebrew. Are we to believe the languages that the Spirit gave utterance to were “pagan” languages that were not to be used!
This proves that Jewish people commonly spoke more than the Hebrew language at the time of Christ. In Acts 2 at the time of Pentecost: v.5 And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven. V. 6 “because that every man heard them speak in his own language.” The people groups that spoke these languages were: Galilaeans, Parthians, Medes, Elamites, Mesopotamia, Judaea, Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt, parts of Libya about Cyrene and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes, Cretes and Arabians.” Interesting that Hebrew was not one of the languages. Why is it missing if it is supposed to be the sacred language.
The reason these people were hearing and understanding in their own languages is the same reason that God has made it possible for His Word to be protected and translated for all people to read today in the different languages.
Acts 2:12: “We do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.” This is proof that God is not limited to a certain language or pronunciation. Certainly they spoke God’s name and words in their own languages.
The New Testament is written in Koine Greek (Common Greek), there were 4 basic languages used in the New Testament times. Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek and Latin, of which Greek was the dominant language. We find the inscription over Christ as being the King of the Jews was written in Greek, Hebrew and Latin. It was a proclamation to all people then and today.
Jesus instructs the disciples in Luke 24:47: “and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. What language would be the most appropriate to fulfill the command? It would be the then international language of Greek. Remember Greek speaking Jews were in the primitive Church at Jerusalem. (Acts 6:1). John the apostle writes in Rev. 9:11: “And they had as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, but in Greek he has the name Apollyon.” Why state this if there is to be only one language for all of Scripture? Because there is not!
The Greek family manuscripts
The oldest (130 A.D.) was a fragment of John. The oldest and near complete copies of the Bible are: The Vaticanus family Manuscript. This is in the Vatican with both Old and New Testaments with only a few pages missing.
Ron Rhodes notes there are also some 86,000 quotations from the early church fathers and several thousand Lectionaries (church-service books containing Scripture quotations used in the early centuries of Christianity).
What is interesting and significant about these numerous quotes of the New Testament is that you could destroy all the manuscripts of the New Testament, and destroy all the New Testaments in existence in the world, and you could reproduce all but 11-17 verses can be produced of the whole New Testament from their writings. For example Ignatius (70-110 A.D.) quotes from 15 of the books of the New Testament. Yet sacred name groups would just as well have the Greek manuscripts destroyed and have no witness at all for us today. Does this mean no one was saved until the Yashuan groups came along? Obviously from their point of view this is so. Not only do we emphatically deny this, but the facts show the people that protected and copied the New Testament for us to have today were not necessarily Jewish but Gentiles. No sacred name adherent would even have the New Testament revelation if not for the Gentile hands and language it was written in.
Sir David Dalrymple once asked himself the question, “Suppose that the New Testament had been destroyed, and every copy of it lost by the end of the 3rd century, could it have been collected together again from the writing of the Fathers of the second and third centuries?” His answer was “…as I possessed all the existing works of the Fathers of the second and third centuries, I commenced to search, and up to this time I have found the entire New Testament, except eleven verses.” (EVIDENCE THAT DEMANDS A VERDICT, J. McDowell, Vol. I, pp. 50-51) What manuscript language were they in? Common Greek the language of the people!
We find numerous quotes of the New Testament from those who did not speak or understand Hebrew but Greek speaking. For example, Polycarp, in his Letter to the Philippians (about 110 A.D.), quotes Philippians, and reproduces phrases from nine other of Paul’s Epistles and I Peter. Irenaeus a disciple of Polycarp 135-210 A.D., says there are only 4 Gospels. He quotes Paul and over 200 quotes from all the New Testament books except Philemon, Jude, James and 3 John. Ignatius, in his Seven Letters, written about 110 A.D., during his journey from Antioch to Rome for his martyrdom, quotes from Matthew, I Peter, I John, cites nine of Paul’s Epistles, and his letters bear the impress of the other three Gospels. Clement of Alexandria, who lived about AD 150 – AD 212, has 2,406 quotes from all but three books of the New Testament. Tertullian, who was an elder of the church in Carthage Africa lived around 160-220 A.D., quotes the New Testament 7,258 times. Of these quotes, around 3,800 are from the gospels. Other quotes from Church fathers include Justin Martyr, 330 quotes; (a native of Samaria in the second century, used in the LXX in all his writings) This is not to be considered an endorsement of everything these men wrote, but only to show the immediate understanding of their time and the proof of the Greek New Testament. Irenaeus, 1,819 quotes; Origen, 17,922 quotes, Hippolytus, 1,378 quotes; and Eusebius, 5,176 quotes, making a total of 36,289 quotes from the Greek New Testament, NOT the Hebrew.
The Didache, written between 60-80-100 A.D, makes 22 quotations from Matthew with references to Luke, John, Acts, Romans, Thessalonians, I Peter; and speaks of “The Gospel” as a written document. It too is in Greek. So what are we to make of these historical facts in light of the Sacred name claims, ignore them?
The persecutions that took place in the reign of Emperor Trajan (98-117 A.D.) and other Roman Emperors that followed, books of scripture were destroyed and burned wherever they were found. In an effort to preserve scripture, books were buried and hidden, And many have been discovered today. So if any person attempted to corrupt the text or insert their own particular point of view into the scripture, these recent discoveries would have revealed any alterations. But none that have the newfound papyrus’ testify to this, that the text we are using today is essentially the same that was used by the early church.
Angelo B. Traina spent twenty years on this translation/revision project and did The Holy Name Bible which was the first of many Sacred Name bibles. Traina’s publishing company, The Scripture Research Association, published the New Testament in 1950. Traina substituted the Hebrew name Yahweh for Kurios (Lord in Greek texts) in the New Testament quotations from the Old Testament. This was the very word that the Jews used when they translated the Hebrew Old Testament into the Greek 250 years before the Messiah came. Why would he need to retranslate it back over again if this was accepted many years before? Any accurate translation worth its salt must be taken from the original languages they were written in the text (either ancient Hebrew or Koine (common) Greek). To translate it From the Greek to English and back to Hebrew is not scholarly, honest or accurate. What manuscripts did he or others use, since the ancient New Testament is not found in Hebrew. The early church writings show they were quoting the Greek and there is no proof that anyone pronounced his name in Hebrew that spoke another language.
They replaced the name of Jesus with a supposed accurate Hebrew name. Some of these Leaders obviously believed they are called by God to correct the so-called errors in the Scriptures, which they themselves cannot all agree on. Ask ten sacred name groups and they will all have a different angle on the name. These “errors” and their corrections come from a presupposition of doctrine favored by their own favorite Bible teacher, reviser or revelator. How did these sacred name groups come to believe that God chose them to correct the Church and correct the Word of God? These people are Jewish ‘wanna be’s’ thinking there is some spiritual advantage to speaking the Hebrew. God is not interested in making “Jewish” Christians who speak his name only in Hebrew. He is taking people from every tongue and tribe and making the body of Christ, the middle wall of partition is broken down as sacred scripture tells us in Ephesians 2. Does this mean we dispense with learning the language or the Hebrew culture no. It can enhance our understanding, but it should not be the end all to ones understanding the Scripture.
What about Zeph.3:9: “For then I will restor to the peoples a pure language that they may all call upon the name of the LORD, to serve him with one accord.” Is this Hebrew or currently English? What is the timing for this Scripture? The Millennium. In these last days (English is currently the universal language of the world).Whatever language this is (it could be Hebrew since God is speaking to the Hebrew people) it has not taken place yet, for it is after the judgement of thenations. The Lord in His wisdom has chosen the English language to present His Word to the world. It is written plain, simple, and easily comprehended words of His gospel to the world to all classes and cultures. Just as God chose the Greek language at the start of the Church which was going to the Gentiles, He gave the English language at the end of time. God does not want this legalism to divide his body. “You have been severed from Christ, you who are seeking to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace… You were running well; who hindered you from obeying the truth?” (Gal.5:4, 7).
Paul, was a Jew born in Tarsus on the south coast of Turkey in the first century A.D. He was able to quote the Greek philosophers and poets which he learned under Gamaliel in the Jewish school (Yeshiva).
Even Paul who wrote the New Testament as a Jew writes Jesus’ name in Greek as Iesoun not Yashua. In Rom.10 Paul writes whoever calls upon the name of the Lord (kurios) not Yashua or Yahweh will be saved. This is a reference to the Hebrew text in Joel 2. Yashua and Iesoon is the same name of the same person in two different languages. Paul was well aware that it’s not the pronunciation of the name that saves, but the person who is God. His point to call on this kurios is to call on Yahweh. Since many sacred name groups do not believe Yeshua was God, which one are they calling on?
Paul used his Roman name instead of his Hebrew name Shaul (Saul), this does not mean he was a pagan. The name Paul in Latin (Roman) is from the Latin Paulus. He intentionally made himself known by this name to reach the Greek speaking people he was a missionary to. In so doing he would likewise change “the name” of the savoir to their language as well. Acts 21:37 and 40 records Paul’s ability to speak in both the Greek and Hebrew language. The culture the Jews were in (not by choice) was Roman. Everyone spoke in the Greek language and for the Jews to survive they needed to do so as well. They translated the Hebrew Old Testament into Greek 250 years before Christ, showing this was part of their culture, they spoke the Greek language otherwise they would not be able to do the translation. Those who continue in the Old Testament law (which is called legalism by Rabbi Paul in Galatians) said they have blinders on (2 Cor. 3:14). “Their minds were blinded: for until this day remains the same veil untaken away in the reading of the Old Testament; which veil is done away in Christ.” Christ commissioned the Jewish apostles to go to the whole world, not just their own people who spoke Hebrew. To do so necessitates speaking in other languages.
Speaking to the gentiles in their own language
Looking at the Scripture without the bias of certain men we find that Jesus and the Apostles Knew Greek as well as Hebrew, they were multilingual. So They could speak to the Jews in Hebrew and the Greeks (gentiles) in Greek.
Matthew 4:15-16 reminds us that Jesus started His ministry after John was cast into prison, from Galilee, which was known to be populated not with Jews, but Gentiles, “beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles.” Yet he went to the Jews specifically. It is unrealistic to think that they did not speak Greek along with Hebrew. John 7:35: “Then said the Jews among themselves, whither will he go, that we shall not find him? Will he go unto the dispersed among the Greek, and teach the Greeks?” Most Greeks were not familiar with Hebrew but vice versa. John 12:20: “And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast.” John 19:20: “This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.” Three languages God used to communicate to mankind who the Son is. Are we to believe he does approve of other languages when he was sovereign to proclaimed this over the messiah?
Mark 7:25-27: “For a certain woman, whose young daughter had an unclean spirit, heard of him, and came and fell at his feet: The woman was a Greek, a Syrophenician by nation; and she besought him that he would cast forth the devil out of her daughter. But Jesus said unto her, Let the children first be filled: for it is not meet to take the children’s bread, and to cast it unto the dogs” (little puppies). We can assume that she did not speak Hebrew nor Aramaic to Jesus, but Jesus communicated to her. This gives us the principle that we are allowed to communicate the word in other languages.
Jesus also spoke Aramaic, actually whenever the language that is spoken is mentioned in Scripture it is Aramaic not Hebrew. Mark 5:41: “Then He took the child by the hand, and said to her, “Talitha, cumi,” which is translated, “Little girl, I say to you, arise.” Mt. 5:22: “and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca” which is an Aramaic word” Mk.7:34 He said Ephphata – be opened to the deaf man. Mt.10:25: “If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub” which is the Aramaic form of Baal-zebub. Mark 15:22: “And they brought Him to the place Golgotha, which is translated, Place of a Skull. The Bible in many places has no problem going from one original language to make the meaning plain in another. Mark 15:34: “And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is translated, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” Again this is Aramaic and it is spoken in a very crucial part of his sacrifice. Notice that Jesus did not call God in His personal name like Yahweh in Aramaic but with a personal petition “My God.” These is the very words of Thomas’ confession “My Lord my God” to Jesus. If Hebrew is the true pure language, then Aramaic is to be condemned among the other pagan languages. Does this make Jesus a pagan since he spoke to God in another language other than Hebrew, and from the time of his atonement no less! Was His prayer was not heard because Yeshua used Aramaic words instead of Hebrew? If he is not condemned why do sacred name groups condemn others today?
Greek speaking Hellenistic Jews formed their own synagogues in Palestine. There were Hellenistic Jews in the Church. Hebrews certainly spoke Hebrew as well as other languages. The Jerusalem church In Acts 6:1 we find the Hellenists, Greek speaking Jews from the diaspora came to the apostles and spoke Greek to them showing that they understood Greek. How did Paul or Barnabas work among the gentiles who did not speak Hebrew? Does anyone actually think they wrote the Scriptures in Hebrew and had to teach them a whole new language first to understand it? This would have taken years before they could have preached the Gospel to them. No I don’t think so. Does this mean the gospel was for the Jews only? Rom. 1:16: “For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek.” (Greek represented the gentile world)
Remember Paul was the apostle to the gentiles and he was familiar with their cultures and language so he was able to speak to them. Acts 21:37: “Then as Paul was about to be led into the barracks, he said to the commander, “May I speak to you?” He replied, “Can you speak Greek? V. 39 But Paul said, “I am a Jew from Tarsus, in Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city; and I implore you, permit me to speak to the people.” That’s Greek!
Again we find in Acts 17:16-31 the Apostle Paul spoke to the natives of Athens, how else could this be done if not in Greek. We know from Scripture that the Apostle knew and did speak Greek (Acts 21:37). In fact, in the narrative of Acts 17 Paul read the “inscription” in the language of the Greek people. If he spoke to the people about it, it was obviously in Greek! Neither was Paul restricted by an inscription that used the Greek word theos, a translation of the Hebrew equivalent for God (elohim). He preached the message of salvation to the people of Athens using the term theos referring to the true God. He was not obligated nor does it record he used Yahweh.
Imagine him writing a letter in Hebrew to lets say Titus, and he gets it and asks what does it say since he doesn’t speak or read Hebrew. The letters at times were written to individuals but intended to guide and instruct the church, so they would have to be read to all.
The Hebrew Old Testament was not main Scripture language of the Jews at Jesus time. The Targumim and the LXX was the primary version of the Old Testament among Christians of the first century. We can reasonably conclude that Peter was well versed in the LXX. James used the LXX as well (Acts 15:14-18) and writes to the Jews in the diaspora which means they were in other lands incorporated in their culture they needed to speak the languages. The Septuagint was favorably quoted by the New Testament writers over the Masoretic.
One of the points of the New Testament being written in Greek is that the partition between Jew’s and Gentiles was broken down so we could all become one new man in Christ. Unlike the Old Testament that was written predominantly in Hebrew to a whole nation that spoke Hebrew. The New Testament was written in Greek bringing God’s kingdom to the whole Greek speaking Gentile world, as well as the Jews. The purpose was that we might all become one people under God. The partition that divided Jew from gentile has been taken down. The whole bible (both the old and new) has been translated into English for the English speaking world (both Jew’s and Gentile) and it has been re-translated into other ethnic tongues for all speaking people. Otherwise how can one explain Rev 7:9-10:”A great multitude which no one could number, of all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, with palm branches in their hands, and crying out with a loud voice, saying, “Salvation belongs to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!” They received salvation because they heard the gospel in their native tongue. God is able to provide the means for all to have His Word. Why make a mountain out of one particular name of God. Is it not all God’s word?
Logical and Biblical Proof’s of Jews being multilingual
Mt.28 they were sent to the nations but none of them spoke Hebrew. God never said Hebrew was the only language, and they must learn that language to speak to God or say his name in Hebrew. A couple of centuries before Jesus was born the Jews translated YHVH into the Greek word Kurios = Lord. Some claim there was no integrity at the time and it was wrong to translate the name of God into the Greek. This was the language used just as when the Jews were in captivity in Daniel’s time. They were in a foreign land and learned to speak another language. It was Aramaic that some of the Old Testament was written in. Some passages in the Old Testament books of Ezra and of Daniel are written in this dialect. The New Testament writers continued this, calling God, (Yahweh) and Jesus, Lord-Kurios.
Why did the Jews have the Septuagint if they did not speak in the Greek language? To say the Greek is corrupted is equivalent to say that the Hebrew may be also; since it was the same scribes that kept the Hebrew Scriptures and translated it over from the Hebrew to the Greek. Why would any of the New Testament writers write exclusively in Hebrew if they were going to reach the gentile people in the world. In the Old Testament it was Hebrew because that was the language of the nation of which God was giving revelation to. The New Testament says the grace of God has appeared to all men. Not just the Jews.
When Jesus had a conversation with Pilate what language did he speak? Pilate did not speak Hebrew he loathed them and certainly would not take time to learn their language. When Paul brought the gospel to the Greeks did he teach them in Hebrew. Matt. 1:23: “and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which is translated, “God with us.” This is Hebrew but it is translated over into the Greek, Matthew had the license to translate it over.
God takes people out of every tribe and tongue in the tribulation, not just the Hebrew tongue. It is clear that God chose to reveal His Word in certain languages and certain culture, at certain times. And learning the languages and culture can be advantageous for a more complete understanding of what God has said. This However in no way endorses that the Hebrew language is to be spoken or read exclusively.
So to sum all this up:Jesus said He was the Alpha and the Omega, this should be the Α (beginning) and Ω (end) answer to their arguments on God’s name. And this is written in Greek.
for more on the Hebrews root movement http://www.moriel.org/articles/hebrew_root.htm
Pingback: Hebrew Roots | Aspreeman's Archives
Pingback: Hebrew Roots: About that Cepher “Bible” | mybereanexport